The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, also popularly known as the “Caucasian Wolfhound”, refers to large dogs whose homeland is the Caucasus. The age of the breed is about 2–2.5 thousand years. Already from the name of the breed it is clear that these dogs were used to protect flocks of sheep from wolves and other predators. The formation of the breed took place under the influence of the shepherd traditions of mountain peoples, on the basis of selection for breeding of the largest, strongest animals with a good instinct, but at the same time trained and obedient to humans. According to popular theory, the ancestor of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is the Tibetan Great Dane. According to another version, these wolfhounds were actively bred in the ancient state of Urartu (according to other sources – Assyria), where they were used as guard and fighting dogs. Be that as it may, it is known for certain that the shepherd dogs perfectly protected the fortress from enemies, and the sheep from the wolves and were even taken by special order to serve in the army of the Russian Empire. Continue reading
This breed was named after King Charles II (can also be transliterated as Charles II), who lived in the 17th century. He was not directly involved in dog breeding, but during his reign all the doors were open for small spaniels. Since then, the appearance of the cavalier king charles spaniels has changed many times, both in the direction of reducing the size and giving a more decorative external characteristics, and in the direction of resuming the appearance, reminiscent of hunting spaniels. The greatest contribution to the selection and the formation of the exterior, known to us today, was made by the American canine dog Roswell Eldridge and the dog breeder Alice Pitt. The International Cynological Association recognized King Charles Spaniels only in 1955. Continue reading
We started to breed this breed not so long ago – at the beginning of the 20th century in Switzerland, in the city of Bern. It is believed that the Bernese Mountain Dogs, like all Molossians, owe their origin to Tibetan mastiffs.
The word “mountain dog” in the name of the breed comes from the German “zene” – an alpine pasture, and “hund” – a dog.
Initially, it was a shepherd breed, intended primarily for the protection of sheep. For its strength and endurance, the Bernese Mountain Dog was also used as a draft animal. Continue reading