The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, also popularly known as the “Caucasian Wolfhound”, refers to large dogs whose homeland is the Caucasus. The age of the breed is about 2–2.5 thousand years. Already from the name of the breed it is clear that these dogs were used to protect flocks of sheep from wolves and other predators. The formation of the breed took place under the influence of the shepherd traditions of mountain peoples, on the basis of selection for breeding of the largest, strongest animals with a good instinct, but at the same time trained and obedient to humans. According to popular theory, the ancestor of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is the Tibetan Great Dane. According to another version, these wolfhounds were actively bred in the ancient state of Urartu (according to other sources – Assyria), where they were used as guard and fighting dogs. Be that as it may, it is known for certain that the shepherd dogs perfectly protected the fortress from enemies, and the sheep from the wolves and were even taken by special order to serve in the army of the Russian Empire. Continue reading
The first description of the breed dates back to the 15th century. Beagles were one of the favorite breeds of the English court. Presumably, the ancestors of these dogs were brought to Britain by the ancient Romans, where they were crossed with local hunting dogs. The main occupation of the beagles in the past is participation in horse or walking hunting to chase hares, rabbits, foxes.
In the 18th century, the breed distinguished three types: southern (largest) beagles, northern beagles of medium size and small beagles. Continue reading