Bernese Mountain Dog
We started to breed this breed not so long ago – at the beginning of the 20th century in Switzerland, in the city of Bern. It is believed that the Bernese Mountain Dogs, like all Molossians, owe their origin to Tibetan mastiffs.
The word “mountain dog” in the name of the breed comes from the German “zene” – an alpine pasture, and “hund” – a dog.
Initially, it was a shepherd breed, intended primarily for the protection of sheep. For its strength and endurance, the Bernese Mountain Dog was also used as a draft animal.
To date, the Bernese Mountain Dog breed has gained popularity around the world not only as a working animal, but also as a companion dog. Especially attractive to these beauties are their outstanding external qualities.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
Bernese Mountain Dogs – powerful, beautifully built, but harmoniously developed animals. They will not leave indifferent any dog lover.
Females grow up to 58–69 cm, and males – up to 61–71 cm. Their weight can range from 36 to 48 kg – females, from 38 to 50 kg – males.
The breed is characterized by a three-color color with the main black color, red tan on the cheekbones, legs and chest. White marks are found on the chest, tips of the tail and paws, and on the muzzle with a transition to the forehead. The coat is long, straight or slightly wavy. The tail is fluffy.
The symmetry of the color is one of the main factors determining the purity of the pedigree.
It is necessary to get thoroughbred puppies from professional breeders or in nurseries. When buying, pay attention to the activity, sociability and general hygiene of the animal. Get acquainted with the pedigree, pay attention to the puppy’s parents, because the exterior of your future dog in adulthood will depend on their external data.
The answer to the question of how much the puppy costs is also better to get from professional breeders: the price may vary depending on a number of factors, such as the pedigree and gender of your future pet.
The Bernese Mountain Dogs are holders of a balanced nature. Loyal to the owner, indifferent to outsiders and get along well with other animals. These dogs are especially attentive, gentle and affectionate to small children. The reason for this is the genetic roots and the “shepherd’s” instinct, thanks to which everyone who is younger and less automatically falls under the protection of this giant.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
The Sennenhunds are good-natured, balanced animals. They are always happy to host and associate themselves with other members of the family. Always come to the rescue. They can adequately carry out guard service, but they don’t bark over trifles and do not differ in excessive aggression, both towards people and other animals. They get along well with children, in every possible way taking care of them and protecting them. Playful, outgoing and positive.
In short, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a loyal optimistic dog that will easily join your family and become its full member for many years.
These dogs do not need special care: regular brushing of the hair will be enough. You can keep the Bernese Mountain Dog in the apartment, in the house, and on the street. Bathing should be very rare, one or two times a year is usually enough. Frequent bathing of the animal can lead to a change in the acidity of the skin and violate the natural protective barrier of the skin. Feeding dogs of this breed is necessary only after a walk. Next, the animal needs to ensure peace. Otherwise, the dog may experience a stomach twist – one of the most dangerous hereditary diseases of the Bernese Mountain Dogs, accompanied by a change in the correct position of the stomach and leading to the death of the animal. Among the hereditary diseases of the Sennenhund also include: dysplasia of the hip or elbow joint; century inversion (entropion); shoulder osteochondrosis (congenital); cataract and retinal atrophy. Annual visits to a veterinarian to conduct routine examinations and vaccinations will help to identify developing diseases in a timely manner and provide competent assistance.
Susceptibility to diseases
Despite the small gene pool and frequent closely related crosses, I would like to note the relatively good health of these dogs. Thanks to strict selection in breeding, over the past decade it has been possible to significantly reduce the incidence of genetic pathologies in the Sennenhund. Of the genetic diseases that are significant, I want to note dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints. Often there is an inversion of the stomach.
It is also important to note the inadmissibility of overeating, because the additional load on the joints in addition to the large weight of the animal will adversely affect the health of the musculoskeletal system.
It is important to remember that the fat content in the diet of dogs of powerful physique should be no more than 15%, otherwise there is a risk of gaining excess fat mass. Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Robust – The food is ideally balanced for dogs of powerful breeds such as Bernese Mountain Dog.