Basenji’s homeland is Central Africa. Genetic studies have shown the kinship between basenji and East Siberian husky, which may indicate the origin of the breed from African wolves. It is believed that the ancestors of the Basenji lived on the territory of Ancient Egypt, modern Sudan and Congo, where they were revered as sacred animals. The first found images of dogs similar to basenji belong to this period. Relatives of the Basenji are an Ibizan dog and an Egyptian hound. Basenji was used by locals for hunting and for housing protection. From the time of Ancient Egypt to the 19th century. There is no data on the further history of the breed. Probably, the selection of basenji during this period took place spontaneously. At the end of the 19th century the British found representatives of the breed in Central Africa and tried to export to England, but these individuals could not survive. At the beginning of the 20th century Basenji appeared at the Berlin Zoo, they were introduced to the UK in the 1930s, where breed standards were first adopted. Ten years later, these dogs came to the United States, where they gained great popularity.
The average duration of the Bassenji breed is 12–16 years.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
Height at the withers of males – 40–46 cm (gold standard – 43 cm), weight about 11 kg. The height at the withers of females is 37–43 cm (ideal – 40.5 cm), weight – 9.5 kg.
Basenji is a graceful and compact dog with a proportional physique and a dry constitution. The limbs are elongated relative to the trunk. The head is small with a wide forehead and a pointed muzzle. On the head are skin folds characteristic of the breed, eyes are small, ears are wide, upright.
Basenji is a short-haired breed of dog, their hair is thin, soft, tight-fitting. No undercoat.
The color of the coat is two-tone: white-red, white-brindle or tricolor black and tan with white.
There are two types of internal breeds – forest (smaller with darker hair, the so-called dog of the pygmies) and flat (high-legged dogs with a lighter color).
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Basenji has a highly developed hunting instinct. Even puppies are already curious and smart. Basenji do not bark, they can howl, rumble and snort. Representatives of the breed are almost odorless and very clean.
These are active dogs with a mobile nervous system. They are smart, prone to independence, but focused on the owner. They have a balanced character, adapt well to stress, are not shy, and are wary of strangers. Suitable for families with children and easy to get along with other pets.
We recommend asking the question “how much is the Bassenji?” Not to search engines, but to a professional breeder. He will advise you on all issues related to the breed, and tell you what factors determine the price of your future pet. If you decide to buy a Bassenji puppy, we recommend that you also visit a specialized exhibition where you can not only get acquainted with representatives of this breed, but also find out the contacts of trusted breeders and nurseries.
Basenji can well exist in an apartment and in a private house. But they need long walks, games, training and attention of the owner. Due to their lightness and mobility, they can be sports dogs and participate in competitions, for example, in agility.
Due to undeveloped coat in cold weather, it is better to wear jumpsuits. Basenji are very clean dogs, they constantly look after themselves, often lick and wash their paw. In this regard, hair care is minimal. Wash with shampoo as it gets dirty, wipe the wool with a mitten, and remove hair with a soft brush.
Susceptibility to diseases
The popularity of basenji is currently growing, and many breeders are actively breeding them, but they approach this issue unprofessionally and often incorrectly. In connection with this, these dogs became susceptible to certain diseases of the eye (retinal atrophy, coloboma, pupillary membrane), musculoskeletal system (hip dysplasia) and kidneys (Fanconi syndrome – kidney disease, accompanied by an increase in glucose in the urine). Basenji can be predisposed to intestinal malabsorption syndrome, chronic gastroenteritis, anemia due to congenital pyruvate kinase deficiency, umbilical and inguinal hernias.
The risk of a dog’s illness with all of these ailments can be significantly reduced if you buy a puppy from a trusted breeder and regularly check your dog’s health with your veterinarian.
Basenji puppies need to be fed with feeds that provide immunity, improve bowel function and maintain healthy teeth and gums. Such feeds include dry Complete food for puppies of small and dwarf breeds Purina® PRO PLAN® Small & Mini Puppy with the complex OPTISTART®. Active adult dogs need complete feeds that help maintain their health for a long period, in which case dry food is suitable for adult dogs of small and dwarf breeds.