It is believed that the roots of the English bulldogs are common with the dog-like dogs of the Caucasus, the ancient Roman mastiffs, the Molossian Great Dane from Greece and the Celtic guard dogs. How exactly the genes of all these dogs were mixed – history is silent, but it is known that the progenitors of modern English bulldogs appeared in England in the 16th century. The name of the breed comes from the English “bull” – the bull: the breed was bred specifically for bullying dogs with dogs – a common fun for the population of England. In 1835, bullying was banned, and the breed was on the verge of extinction. The remaining purebred animals became the founders of the English Bulldog breed. In the 18th century, dogs of this breed were used for hunting wild boars and bears, as well as for dog fights.
The first exhibitions with the participation of English bulldogs began to be held in the 19th century. Then the first club was created and the breed standards were approved. Later, in the 16th century, dogs of this breed came to America, where they became an unofficial symbol of the American Marine Corps. In the Soviet Union, English bulldogs were secretly banned. In Russia, this breed began to gain popularity in the 1980–90s.
The average duration of English Bulldog dogs is 8-10 years.
SIZE, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
The height at the withers of English bulldogs is from 30 to 40 cm. The weight of a male usually does not exceed 25–26 kg, and females 22.5–24 kg.
English Bulldog is a strong, stocky dog with a powerful body on short legs, belongs to the group of brachycephals.
The head is huge relative to the body, the pelvis is narrow. The skull is flat and wide, eyes are small, set apart, a little bulging. The lower jaw protrudes forward and opens the teeth. The muzzle is greatly shortened, the nose is upturned. Pronounced nasolabial and frontal folds of the skin, developed bryl. Folds on the muzzle were needed so that blood did not flood the eyes during the battle. Ears are small, hanging, pressed to the head. The neck is powerful, wide, skin folds and body kit are developed. The skin in the folds helped the dogs in the battle – even if the enemy grabbed, maneuverability still remained. The chest is very wide, the chest is barrel-shaped. The back is straight strong, the croup is raised. The abdominal wall is tightened. The tail is short from birth.
The coat is straight, short, stiff, and snug. No undercoat. The color is white-red, white-fawn, white-brindle. One-color solid color can be fawn, red, golden-chestnut, always with a black mask.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
The English Bulldog is a homebody with a calm temperament and balanced character. Dogs of this breed are smart, easily trained, mobile, however, they are often lazy and like to sleep. English bulldogs are fearless and unshakable, they are difficult to scare, they have a sense of self-esteem and typical English restraint. They are distinguished by perseverance, sometimes bordering on obstinacy. Bulldogs are the favorites of the whole family, including children. They are incredibly loyal to their master and yearn for separation from him. Dogs of this breed require reasonable training and a supply of chewing toys: they love to gnaw on various objects.
English bulldogs are adapted for living in an apartment and in a private house. They need daily, but not very long walks, socialization and information load. These dogs are contraindicated for prolonged active physical exercise, as well as staying in the sun and in a stuffy room.
In cool weather, English Bulldogs are advised to wear jumpsuits.
Hair care is not complicated. Wash as it gets dirty, wipe the wool with wet wipes and brush it out. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the eyes and ears. Wipe the skin folds on the head regularly.
Susceptibility to diseases
English bulldogs may be genetically predisposed to dysplasia of the elbow and hip joint. They often have inflammatory eye diseases, chronic conjunctivitis, eyelid inversion, dry eye syndrome. Skin pathologies may be noted – allergic dermatitis, otitis media, inflammation of the skin folds. Bulldogs are prone to problems from the cardiovascular system: the so-called “respiratory distress syndrome”, insufficiency of the right chambers of the heart, cardiomyopathy with rhythm disturbance can develop.
In puppies, aortic stenosis, a ventricular septal defect can be detected. You should be careful of overheating and thermal shock.
All these diseases will not necessarily occur in your English bulldog, the main thing to remember is that you need to visit your veterinarian at least once a year for medical examination and to monitor the animal’s health.
If you are determined to buy an English bulldog, we recommend that you contact professional nurseries that specialize in this particular breed. In them you can find out how much a puppy costs and what its price depends on, as well as get acquainted with the history of the breed and its advantages.