Alabay (Central Asian Shepherd Dog)
Another and more correct name of the breed is the Central Asian Shepherd Dog (CAO) or the Turkmen Alabay. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog originated as an indigenous breed in Central Asia as a result of folk selection and natural selection. The breed was based on ancient shepherds and fighting dogs of Asia, the Great Asian mastiff, the Tibetan mastiff. The exterior and character of the Alabai was formed for thousands of years by long service with a nomad man and a shepherd. Such a working quality as the protection of the territory, home and property of the owner, as well as the ability to make decisions independently, are laid down by the Central Asian Shepherd at the instinct level.
The first mention in the literature about SAO dates back to the 19th century, when alabai were used as guard dogs. Due to their size and protective skills, in the 30s. Of the 20th century in the USSR, it was decided to conduct directional selection and purebred breeding of Alabaev and their training for the protection of important state facilities. However, the freedom-loving and independent nature of Alabai, his independence and often unwillingness to obey and execute commands did not allow him to be made into a trained guard. Subsequently, the breeding was most weak and the formation of modern pedigree types occurred spontaneously in the Asian republics (Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan). In 1993, breed standards edited in 2003 were approved. Currently, the Alabai dog breed is widespread in Europe and Asia and is a national treasure of Turkmenistan.
The average life expectancy of Alabai dogs is 10-15 years.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
According to modern breed standards, the minimum height at the withers of a Central Asian shepherd male should be 70 cm, and that of a female – 65 cm. Adult Alabai weight varies from 40 to 60 kg.
Alabai is a powerful dog from the Molossian group, but with a proportional physique. It has a gross constitution. Alabaev has a large, wide head with a short muzzle, a flat forehead and medium-sized eyes. Ears are hanging. If they are stopped, then very briefly. The neck and torso of the Central Asian shepherd dogs have powerful, developed muscles, skin folds are expressed on the neck. These dogs have strong and wide breasts and a rounded chest. Developed back muscles can withstand high loads. The croup is wide, flat; high-back is often noted when the croup is located above the back line. Alabai have strong limbs with a wide bone. The tail is long, saber-shaped or trimmed (cropped) short enough.
The coat is thick, harsh, straight, can be long and short, has a developed undercoat. When choosing a puppy, we recommend that you first look at the photos of Alabai dogs. An animal of this breed can have a coat of different colors, often two-tone. The most common are black and white, black-red, brown, fawn, gray, brindle, speckled or piebald.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
The character of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is independent and stubborn. Over the centuries, representatives of this breed independently decided on the protection and protection of man and his property. If Alabai is located in “his” territory, he immediately manifests a protective instinct. Moreover, in other places, for example, in a veterinary clinic, it is a friendly and patient animal. Alabai has a self-esteem, is slow. It adapts well to any weather conditions. Alabai needs space for movement and the realization of his working qualities, otherwise his character may deteriorate, and he will turn into an aggressive, unpredictable animal.
If you decide to buy an Alabai puppy, contact professional breeders or specialized nurseries in your city. Here you can not only find out the price of your future pet, but also understand what it is made of: get to know the pedigree of the puppy, his parents, learn about the availability of certificates and prizes, as well as about possible genetic diseases.
This dog is not suitable for keeping in an apartment. Alabai needs loads and walks, regular training, which should be interesting for him. Alabai wool does not require frequent washing. To cleanse it, you can use dry shampoos. It is recommended to comb out the undercoat regularly with a specialized brush.
Susceptibility to diseases
Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are in good health. In connection with the physique, the most common diseases in Alabaev are diseases of the musculoskeletal system: dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints, sprains, dislocation of the joints. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs may be prone to eyelid inversion, chronic conjunctivitis, eye injuries, congenital and acquired heart diseases, and stomach inversion. Proper maintenance and care of Alabai, timely contact with a veterinarian in case of an ailment of an animal, will reduce the risks of developing some diseases.