How to protect dog joints?
Joint problems cause the dog great discomfort and adversely affect her life in general. When experiencing pain, the dog loses its inherent mobility and cheerfulness. Without timely treatment, the disease will become more severe. As with all health cases, the problem is easier to prevent than to treat. Let’s look at how to protect a dog’s joints together.
Joint diseases in dogs
There are many diseases of the joints, and they all manifest themselves in different ways. It is not necessary that a dog with a diseased joint will howl from pain and cannot rely on a sore limb. In the early stages, problems with joints can not be noticed: the dog simply loses its inherent activity, lies more, becomes apathetic.
Having noticed something is wrong with the pet, the caring owner should contact a veterinarian. In matters of health, it is better to play it safe. A veterinarian will examine the dog and prescribe treatment if necessary.
In mild cases, rest and care are enough to treat the joint, and in complex cases, surgical intervention and long-term drug therapy are possible. The treatment regimen depends on the specific disease, the cause and its severity.
The most common diseases are:
arthrosis – joint diseases that occur due to cartilage lesions,
arthritis – diseases of the joints of an inflammatory, rheumatoid or mixed nature,
dysplasia of the hip, elbow joint – abnormal development of the joint.
It is a mistake to assume that these and other joint diseases occur only in older dogs. In practice, dogs of all ages and breeds suffer from them, and a lot of reasons can provoke the disease: from a genetic predisposition to injuries and an unbalanced diet.
How to protect dog joints?
“Genetics and diet are the most important factors affecting the joints of pets,” – Kailin Heinze, a renowned veterinarian, nutritionist.
Joint disease prevention
“The problem is easier to prevent than to eliminate the consequences,” – with regard to health, these words are especially relevant. So it is with joints: if you provide the dog with proper care from birth, the risks of developing diseases are minimized. Where to start?
The tendency to diseases of the musculoskeletal system is laid at the genetic level. Unfortunately, a huge number of puppies suffer from birth due to unprofessional selection. That is why experts recommend purchasing thoroughbred puppies from professional breeders, and in the case of a hereditary predisposition to diseases, seek the support of a specialist and observe proper care from the first weeks of the baby’s life.
Joint health is not possible without the proper functioning of bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and the muscular system. And their healthy work is impossible without a regular balanced diet. If the dog does not receive a full complex of nutrients every day, there is a deficiency of vitamins and minerals, and at the same time problems with the musculoskeletal system.
Take care of a quality balanced nutrition of the pet. The diet should take into account the pedigree and individual characteristics of a particular dog at a particular life stage. Discuss your diet with a veterinarian.
Some dogs need active loads like air, while others prefer a leisurely walk. Pets with an elongated torso (for example, dachshunds and corgi) are contraindicated in jumping from high surfaces. Excessive physical activity is also harmful for puppies of large breeds: their bones grow very quickly and are not able to withstand heavy loads in the first months of life. These points should be studied by the owner at the stage of selecting the breed.
Unsuitable exercise is a direct path to joint problems.
Protection against injuries and hypothermia
Injuries and hypothermia can also lead to joint inflammation. Try to protect your pet from them. Do not let the dog sleep on a draft and a hard, cold surface so that it does not freeze and its joints are not overloaded due to touching the hard floor. For home, get a special couch.
When walking with a dog in winter, avoid ice: the dog, like a person, can slip and be injured. In extreme cold, shorten your walk time so that the dog does not get too cold and its joints become inflamed.
Excess weight is a huge load on the musculoskeletal system, which also leads to joint diseases. Keep an eye on your dog’s nutrition and ensure optimal exercise.
Prompt appeal to a veterinarian
If you suspect a disease, contact your veterinarian. Have a routine veterinary checkup at least once a year.
In the early stages of the disease, it is easier to cure, and the consequences for the body will be minimal.