Russian toy terrier
Dwarf decorative breed of dogs, which has two varieties: long-haired and smooth-haired.
At the beginning of the 20th century in Russia, among the decorative breeds of dogs, English toy terriers were common. With the advent of Soviet power, the population of this breed declined sharply. In the middle of the 20th century. domestic breeders set out to create a small decorative breed of dogs, reminiscent of an English toy terrier. The first representatives of the Russian toy terrier were received in the mid-1950s. by breeding various small dogs imported from abroad. Selection was aimed at obtaining individuals of the minimum size. Thanks to the introduction of Chihuahua genes, the Russian Toy Terrier received new colors. When breeding dogs with longer hair were also obtained, which they began to use for breeding long-haired toy terriers. The first club of breed lovers was founded in 1996. In 2006, the International Cynological Federation temporarily recognized the Russian smooth-haired toy terrier and the Moscow long-haired toy terrier, but combined these two varieties into one breed of “Russian toy”, under these conditions, Russian “toy” can not claim the CACIB title (candidate for international beauty champions) at international exhibitions. According to the rules for registering new breeds, at least 10 years must pass before the RKF recognizes breed standards at the international level.
SIZE, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
Russian toy has a miniature size, height at the withers 18–26 cm, but not more than 28 cm. Weight about 1.5 kg.
Russian toy terriers are small graceful dogs with a gentle type of constitution, have a thin bone and underdeveloped musculature. Moreover, they are very mobile and active. The head of the toy terriers is small, light, with a pointed muzzle resembling a fox. This gives the dog a sly look. The back of the nose is straight, the transition from the muzzle to the forehead is pronounced, the skull is wide, with a developed frontal part. Russian toy terriers have very expressive, shiny eyes, a little bulging. Big triangular ears stand, as if the dog is always on guard. Toy terriers have a proportional body and a long, graceful neck. They have a not very wide chest, and the chest is shallow, rounded or flattened. The back of these dogs is shortened with a convex lower back and a wide, slightly lowered croup. Therefore, it often seems that toy terriers are always hunched over, as if frightened or frozen, while the short-cropped tail is tightened. The limbs of these dogs are relatively long, dry, with a thin bone.
Toy terriers have short, smooth hair with a straight, soft, tight-fitting hair.
Long-haired toy terriers have elongated hair up to 3-5 cm, hair is soft, straight or slightly wavy, tow-hairs (long hair) are located on the inner surface of the elbows and hips. The auricles are covered with elongated hair, which forms a fringe.
Common colors: black or brown and tan, lilac and tan, blue and tan, red, sable (red of various shades with black or brown bloom).
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Toy terriers are light, active and energetic dogs. Despite their size, they feel like big dogs, show courage, protect the owner, bark a lot and attack large relatives, which is why they often suffer. They are loyal to the owner, do not like to be alone. They have a weak nervous system and do not tolerate stress. They are often complex, aggressive and bite. Owners usually do not pay much attention to this, because there is not so much harm from bites of Russian Toyas as from dogs of large breeds, however, this habit must be fought, it is eliminated with adequate education. Many toy terriers without proper training go to the toilet in the wrong place.
Russian toy terriers are ideal for keeping in an apartment. The only negative is that they mark the territory, so they must be taught to the toilet in the right place from puppyhood. It must be remembered that toy terriers, like all dogs, require active walks, movement, socialization and training.
For a walk in cool weather, it is recommended to wear overalls, sometimes protective boots, since the paws quickly freeze or get injured.
In summer, it is better to avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and overheating. The shyness and small size of these dogs leads to the fact that they are often lost, so it is better to walk them on a leash and harness.
Smooth-haired toy terriers do not require special hair care. Regular use of a brush on smooth-haired toy terriers is more necessary for massage than for hair removal.
Long-haired toy terriers in connection with their elongated hair must be regularly brushed with a brush. Toy terriers are prone to hypotrichosis.
To prevent the formation of tartar, continuous removal of plaque from the teeth is required.