Giant Schnauzer is a breed of dog with a name that has German roots. Literally: Riesenschnauzer from riesen – giant, schnauze – face. You can still find such breed names as “bearish” or “Russian schnauzer”, and if “bearish” can still be justified by the size of the dog, then “Russian” has no historical background. The Giant Schnauzer is the largest breed in the top three Schnauzers, along with the middling schnauzer (middle) and the miniature schnauzer (miniature). Giant Schnauzers possess not only a very memorable appearance, but also a wonderful character. Currently, the breed is used as a guard and companion dog, a police service dog, and a bloodhound. The history of the origin of the breed has not been fully elucidated, there are many versions, we will focus on a brief squeeze of some of them. Most likely, the birthplace of the breed is Germany, and the main purpose of the rizen was to graze sheep.It is possible that the breed has a hunting past, some researchers point to the active use of these dogs in the Alps, on mountain pastures and for hunting big game. Or maybe the breed originated directly in Bavaria and, most likely, has a relationship with the wire-haired pinscher.
Be that as it may, it is known for certain that the exhibition of the very first Giant Schnauzers took place in Germany at the very beginning of the 20th century. At that time, a strict characterization of the breed had not yet been developed, and therefore it is difficult to say what the terisenes were, however, the breed gradually acquired a strict standard, and by 1925 the Giant Schnauzer was officially registered in Germany as an official dog breed.
SIZE, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
Male growth is 65–70 cm, females 60–65 cm. Weight is not strictly fixed by the standard and can fluctuate (in females it is usually less than in males) within 26–50 kg.
The Giant Schnauzers have an almost square skull, the muzzle is elongated. The jaws are powerful and strong, the eyes are oval, close to the nose. The back is short, muscular, the stomach is tightened, and the chest is oval-convex. Schnauzer forelegs long and straight. The rear is a little shorter than the front.
The coat is thick, medium length, according to the standard of coal-black color. A characteristic feature of the Giant Schnauzer is the long hair on the chin – a “beard” and eyebrows on the muzzle, which hang over the eyes.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
In the breed standard, these dogs are described as active, purposeful, balanced, hardy, strong, loyal, intelligent, noble. This is all true: Risen dogs are very faithful and active dogs with developed intelligence and excellent training abilities. To get just such a dog, it is best to buy a puppy in a trusted kennel from a breeder whom you trust. The Giant Schnauzer, like all large dogs, grows physically and psychologically matures up to about 24 months, and it is this time that is most favorable for dog training. It is important to socialize the puppy and teach him the right attitude to strangers – the guard nature of the breed here can fully manifest itself.
Care for the Giant Schnauzer must include parasite prophylaxis, vaccination, regular (at least 1-2 times a year) visits to your veterinarian, as well as the whole range of dental, hair and proper feeding procedures. There are recommendations to be sure to cut the Giant Schnauzer with a machine and carry out the procedure for removing old wool. It is better to do this in a specialized salon. And, of course, you need to regularly comb the pet with a tough, but skin-friendly comb.
Susceptibility to diseases
Representatives of the Giant Schnauzer breed can be prone to a number of genetically determined diseases:
endocrine system: diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism;
from the viewpoint – cataract, glaucoma, progressive atrophy of the retina;
there is an inversion of the stomach, which can occur with moderate exertion, so it is very important to prevent overeating of Giant Schnauzers;
on the part of the musculoskeletal system – hip dysplasia, the disease is often found in many large breeds;
on the part of the nervous system – epilepsy. Congenital or acquired neurological disorder, accompanied by unpredictable and uncontrolled seizures.
It should be remembered that it is possible to completely eliminate or significantly reduce the incidence of these ailments by means of regular visits to your veterinarian and, of course, a competent choice of a puppy from a trusted nursery.
When feeding Giant Schnauzers, it is best to adhere to a 2–3-time regimen and use specialized nutrition. The Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Adult Athletic product line for large athletic dogs is the right choice for them. It is important to remember that Giant Schnauzers can be prone to overeating, so it is very important to dose the diet correctly using the recommendations on the back of the package.