Presumably, the ancestors of the poodle were introduced by Arabs from North Africa to Spain and Portugal, where they began to interbreed with a Portuguese water dog and cattle dogs. Over time, the poodle got to other European countries. It was large, originally used in the hunt and pulled game from the water. In France, during the time of Louis – in the 17-18th century. – the poodle became a “royal” dog – the main favorite of courtiers. At this time, the selection of this breed was aimed at obtaining small dogs. However, the poodle was not only decorative, but also for official purposes.
The poodle received great popularity in Europe in the 19–20th century. Representatives of this breed were depicted on canvases of paintings, and even emblems, became heroes of literary and musical works.Many famous artists and politicians were owners of poodles.
In Russia, you can find out the price of a royal pet and you can buy it in specialized nurseries – most of them are in Moscow, the Moscow region and St. Petersburg.
To date, there are 4 varieties of poodle:
toy poodle – the smallest of all poodles, growth at the withers should not be higher than 28 cm, and body weight not more than 7 kg;
dwarf (miniature) poodle grows from 28 to 35 cm at the withers and weighs 7-8 kg;
medium (small) poodle – height at the withers 35–45 cm, weight 11–13 kg;
big poodle – height at the withers 45-60 cm, body weight from 20 to 23 kg.
The poodle has a proportional and graceful physique, a dry constitution. The length of the limbs is proportional to the length of the body. The muzzle is elongated, the forehead is not very pronounced, the occipital protuberance is developed. Eyes are medium sized, ears are long, hanging. The neck is relatively long, strong. The chest is deep, round or flattened. The back is straight, muscular. The limbs are strong with a wide skeleton in large poodles, in small poodles the limbs are thin with a narrow bone. Currently, the tail length is left unchanged, rarely stopped.
Poodle wool has two types: curly, thin, but thick and curly, forms curls; cord wool forms cords of the same length, hair is thick, long, thin. The color of the poodles should be monophonic: black, brown, silver, apricot, white.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Very energetic and agile, with responsive dogs. They like to walk and play. Some of the smartest dogs, can be easily trained, can be sports and circus dogs. Poodles are universal favorites and are always in the spotlight. Very loyal to their master, jealous and poorly tolerate separation. They can show character and bite. They like to bark for no reason.
Poodles are well suited for keeping in an apartment, but they need active long walks and training. To protect the body from hypothermia, and wool from pollution, it is recommended to walk dogs of this breed in coveralls in wet cold weather.
A poodle requires thorough and regular hair care: frequent washing with shampoo, applying conditioner, daily combing with special brushes, pusherok or combs. It is recommended to carry out a haircut to maintain shape at least 1 time in 1–1.5 months.
A poodle needs to regularly examine its ears, eyes and teeth. If necessary, sanitation of the external auditory canal and removal of plaque from the teeth is carried out.
Due to the long selection of the breed, as well as the widespread “spontaneous” breeding, the breed has developed its hereditary predispositions to diseases. They are not found too often, and when buying a dog in a trusted kennel, the risk is significantly reduced. However, future owners of dogs of this breed should still be aware of their pet’s predisposition to any disease.
Poodles are prone to diseases of the eyes (dystrichiasis, cataract, retinal atrophy) and ears (otitis media), diseases of the teeth and oral cavity (tartar, gingivitis), skin (dermatitis), pathologies of the cardiovascular system (congenital heart defects, endocardiosis), gastroenteritis , epilepsy, dislocation of the patella. These dogs are prone to obesity.
Because of their activity, poodles often receive injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
Balanced feeding is essential for all poodles, regardless of size. Given the diversity of the exterior, as well as the risk of developing certain diseases, it is recommended to choose ready-made industrial feeds for feeding poodles.
The choice of food depends on the age and size of the dog. For feeding miniature adult poodles, Purina® PRO PLAN® Small & Mini Adult Dry Complete Dog Food is suitable for dogs of small and dwarf breeds. Adult dogs belonging to the group of small and large poodles should be fed Purina® PRO PLAN® Medium Adult.
Puppies require special feeding conditions aimed at maintaining immunity and reducing the risk of developing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.