The assertion that the Maltese lapwings hail from the island of Malta is not entirely true. Maltese ancestors lived in cities located on the Mediterranean coast, and caught mice and rats. At the same time, small white dogs were known in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, China and the Philippines. In ancient Greece, such dogs lived on the territory of the modern island of Mljet in the Adriatic Sea. The history of the breed has about two thousand years.
Parents and spaniels are supposedly relatives of Maltese. The breed got its name in the 16th century, when its representatives lived in large numbers on the island of Malta, however, white lapdogs were brought here over several centuries from the coast of the Adriatic Sea.
Initially, the Maltese lap-dog had a decorative origin, was a court dog and a favorite of royalty. At the end of the 19th century. The first exhibition was held with the participation of Maltese and the breed standards were approved. Maltese lapwings were brought to Russia by Napoleon’s army during the Patriotic War of 1812. During the Soviet period, interest in Maltese lapworms fell. The breed began to gain popularity in the late 20th century.
The average duration of the Maltese breed is 12-15 years.
The height at the withers of the male maltese does not exceed 25 cm, and that of the female 23 cm. The average body weight is 3-4 kg.
Maltese – light, harmonious dogs with a slightly elongated body relative to the limbs. The head is not large, the skull is wide, the muzzle is slightly shortened, the nose is black. The eyes are bulging, shiny. The forehead is well defined, the ears are small, hanging. The neck is elegant, thin. The chest is not wide, the chest is round or slightly flattened. The back is straight, limbs shortened, strong.
The coat is soft, fluffy, thick. The remaining hair on the head, trunk and tail is straight and long, flowing to the floor. Puppies have soft, short hair. The undercoat is not developed.
The coat is white or ivory; some representatives of the breed may have darkened strands of fawn.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Maltese are agile and energetic dogs; they prefer to run and play. They need constant communication with the owner: being alone, they are sad. These are real companion dogs, fearless and loyal to man. The character of the Maltese lapdogs is balanced, they get along well with other pets.
Maltese are perfectly adapted for apartment maintenance, but they need active walks and games to release energy.
Maltese requires regular and thorough hair care. Washing once every 10 days using shampoos, balms and lotions prevents tangles. For a walk in bad weather it is recommended to wear jumpsuits on dogs of this breed to protect the coat from pollution.
The hair of the Maltese lapdogs requires daily combing with a stiff brush, to which it is advisable to train the pet from puppyhood. Dogs that do not participate in shows are most often sheared to facilitate grooming.
Daily maintenance of eye and ear cleanliness with specialized lotions is recommended.
It is recommended to remove plaque several times a week: a pet should also be trained in this procedure from the age of 2-3 months.
Susceptibility to diseases
Among congenital pathologies in maltese there are hydrocephalus, heart defects, dislocation of the patella, narrowing of the nasolacrimal canal, congenital deafness, tracheal collapse.
Puppies are prone to hypoglycemia with irregular feeding. They are also prone to injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
In adult maltese, tartar formation, endocardiosis with the development of chronic heart failure, inflammatory and allergic skin diseases, and otitis media can be observed.
Regular visits to a veterinarian, as well as proper care for the animals will help to avoid such diseases.
Maltese is susceptible to gastroenteritis and allergic skin diseases, therefore it is better to use ready-made balanced diets with high-quality protein sources for feeding these dogs. Puppies need frequent intake of food, which should always be in the bowl and not spoil. Adult maltese needs a diet that supports the digestive system, while maintaining healthy teeth and gums.
For feeding Maltese lapdogs up to 1 year old, we recommend Purina® PRO PLAN® Small & Mini Puppy Complete Nutrition with OPTISTART® Complex, and for maltese adults, we recommend Purina® PRO PLAN® Small & Mini Adult with OPTIDERMA® Complex. Representatives of small and dwarf breeds of dogs, as a rule, are long-lived, and older animals require special attention. Therefore, we recommend Purina® PRO PLAN® Small & Mini Adult 9+ with OPTIAGE® complex for feeding Maltese longhouses over 9 years old.
It is not so easy to answer the question “How much does a Maltese lap dog puppy cost?” If you decide on such a crucial step, we recommend that you contact the professional nurseries of your city.