Malamute, or Alaskan Malamute – a breed of dogs, originally related to working dogs. The homeland of the breed is the extreme north, and more specifically – the coast of Alaska. According to one of the common versions, the ancestors of modern Malamutes were sled dogs of the Eskimo tribe of Malemites, who inhabited the shores of Alaska. Along with huskies, Malamutes were actively used for the development of Alaska (including during the Gold Rush) as sledding and working dogs. During the Second World War, the Malamutes were drafted into the army, resulting in their almost complete extermination. By the titanic efforts of the breeders and by crossing the three remaining lines of these dogs between themselves, the number of malamutes was restored and significantly increased in the second half of the last century. At the moment, it is a very popular breed, a symbol of the State of Alaska.
Alaskan Malamute is a dog breed that has still retained its original working qualities. Two lines are distinguished in the composition of the breed:
• Kotzebue – a line of Alaskan Malamutes from which the primary breed standard was written. A line with average dimensions close to wolf color and flocking character;
• m’lut is another Malamute line recorded in the mid-20th century. Larger representative of the breed, the color is wolfish, black and white, gray-white or pure white.
Active cynologists and breeders are still actively debating which of these lines is secondary, and which is the parent of the breed. And although many researchers give primacy to kotzeb, the main thing is that the representatives of both lines are wonderful dogs with a stable psyche and excellent characteristics of endurance and strength.
The sizes and, in particular, the weight of Alaskan Malamutes can vary quite a lot, but indicators are considered approximate norms: for females, height – 58–59 cm; weight – 34–36 kg, and for males – 63–64 cm; weight – 38–40 kg. The largest malamute, according to some sources, weighed twice as much as standard indicators, and you can see photos of giant malamutes, whose weight reaches 50-60 kilograms. Malamutes are fully mature by about two years old, up to two years old, the malamute is still very young, and in physiology and in the psyche, it is more of a puppy than an adult dog.
There is a widespread opinion that since malamute is genetically close to the wolf, it is mainly meat to feed it, and malamutes need much more food than other dogs of similar height and weight. There are no objective studies confirming this opinion, and veterinarian nutritionists today believe that a ready-to-eat Complete Premium class food (such as Purina® PRO PLAN® LARGE ATHLETIC with OPTIBALANCE® complex) is an excellent nutritional option for malamutes with an average level of physical activity. ), and with high activity (over 3-4 hours a day of physical activity), it is worth considering the selection of a special diet for active dogs – Purina® PRO PLAN® ADULT PERFORMANCE. When choosing food, you must always consult a veterinarian.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
As with most other breeds, the nature of malamute is determined by a combination of genetic factors and environmental influences. Therefore, you can meet malamute with character traits diametrically opposite to the following, but common in breed are:
• friendliness – malamutes are not guard dogs;
• “flocking” behavior pattern – Malamute will try to lead the “flock” – the family where he lives;
• obstinacy, but at the same time highly developed intelligence; It is also believed that the Kotzebue Malamutes are more compliant and less stubborn than m’lut;
• the need for “energy release” – high physical activity.
Alaskan Malamute is pretty hard to keep in a city apartment, and the ideal home for this dog would be a house outside the city. If, nevertheless, your malamute is of housing maintenance, it should be remembered that the main care for malamute is to provide it with exercise and sufficient physical exertion.
Malamute tolerates heat just as poorly as it tolerates cold. Care for hair, teeth and claws is standard, the hair needs to be combed out with special brushes or furminators, teeth are cleaned regularly, you can use various useful treats designed for cleaning teeth, for example, Purina® PRO PLAN® Dental Pro Bar. Be sure to show the dog 1-2 times a year to the veterinarian, vaccinate her, treat it from ticks, helminths and fleas.
It is necessary to purchase thoroughbred puppies from qualified breeders or in nurseries involved in breeding this breed. Having bought a puppy with and without documents, albeit at a bargain price, you risk getting a thoroughbred and sick pet. The price in this case is not the main thing. We advise you to think about how much his further treatment will cost and turn to professionals.