In the vast expanses of the North thousands of years ago, several dog breeds began to emerge, which are now known to us under the general name “Laika”. Bred by indigenous northern peoples, all these animals were united by qualities useful to humans for survival in harsh conditions – good physical shape, stamina and hunting skills, but significantly differed from each other in external description. Of the same characteristics for all types of huskies it was possible to note: a strong muscular, lean physique, thick coat, sharp muzzle and ears, tail ringlet, as well as a character – aggressive towards prey and intercessive towards the owner.
For many centuries, huskies lived next to a person, but only in the 20th century did the tendency to distinguish between breeds and declare their standards. The following are the names of the main breeds of huskies:
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
The color scheme, length and quality of the coat in dogs, even within the same breed, is very variable. The weight and height of huskies of different breeds also vary:
the weight of West Siberian huskies reaches 23 kg, height – up to 58 cm;
Yakut – more stocky. With the same growth, their weight reaches 30 kg;
the East Siberian Laika has similar external data to the West Siberian Laika, but slightly higher – up to 64 cm at the withers;
the sizes of Russian-European, Samoyed, Karelian and West Siberian huskies are not very different: the maximum growth is in the range of 57-62 cm;
the smallest are Karelian-Finnish. The weight of the male is up to 13 kg, and the height is 42–48 cm, the females are even less – 7–10 kg, with a height of 40–46 cm. Nenets huskies are also small in size.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Representatives of all breeds of huskies are excellent hunters, with the possible exception of one – the Samoyed husky is more often used as a nanny dog for children or a deer watchman. With proper training, husky puppies from 8–9 months old can begin to hunt. These universal hunters are capable of any animal, from small furry to moose and wild boars.
Huskies are very purposeful, passionate dogs with a lively mind. Special attention should be paid to the endurance of these animals. Besides the fact that they are actively attracted as sled dogs, huskies can track animals for 10-12 hours even in the most severe climatic conditions. They easily catch up with the beast, and also hold it until the owner comes. They work well alone and as a team in driven hunting.
Raising and training huskies is an extremely laborious process. Their curiosity, increased excitability and emotionality will daily check the host’s nerves for strength. However, having the proper experience of training and patience, you will be able to achieve excellent hunting qualities from your pet.
Huskies are quite wayward and touchy. They do not tolerate excessive rigor and the requirements of complete obedience. It is necessary to give them some freedom of action, carefully direct and correct their behavior – and that is the only way you can win the love and trust of the husky, grow from her a really smart, independent friend and hunting partner.
Huskies are pack dogs. They do not tolerate loneliness and get along well with all family members, including children. Other pets may be aggressive.
The conditions for keeping huskies are unpretentious. They easily adapt to their surroundings, tolerate weather changes well. Even apartment maintenance is allowed if the dog will be walked a lot and loaded intellectually – with training. Of the features of grooming, it is also worth noting abundant molting. During off-season periods, animals have to be combed out every day.
Susceptibility to diseases
The average life expectancy of this group of dogs is 10–13 years. Among the most common diseases are diabetes, glaucoma, hip dysplasia, and kidney disease. These diseases can be avoided by buying a puppy from a trusted breeder. But even a healthy dog should be regularly shown to a veterinarian to prevent diseases and prevent health. It is important to remember that care, proper maintenance and care of your pet is the key to a healthy and long life of the dog.
In food, likes are unassuming. Working and hunting dogs, provided they are active enough, must be fed high-calorie diets, for example, Pro Plan® with OptiPower®. In the absence of heavy loads, the dogs from this group are suitable for the Pro Plan® Medium Adult line for medium dogs weighing up to 25 kg or the Pro Plan® Large Athletic line for adult dogs weighing more than 25 kg.