The homeland of the Labradors is the island of Newfoundland. Exact information about the time of the origin of the breed or at least about the origin of the name has not been preserved. The initial purpose of the Labrador was a wide variety of assistance to fishermen. These dogs were used both for fishing weakened fish, and for pulling boats to land. At the beginning of the 19th century, the first Labradors came to England, where they liked the local breeders. By crossing labradors with a kinky retriever and, presumably, with several more hunting breeds, the breed labrador retriever was born. Professional dog breeders began to recognize Labrador Retriever as a separate breed only in 1903.
SIZE, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
To date, by the efforts of breeders, the appearance of the Labrador Retriever has acquired the following external characteristics: adult male weight reaches 40 kg, height 56–57 cm; female weight 27–35 kg, height 54–56 cm. Chest broad, lower back short and strong. Of the special features of the breed, it is worth noting a thick short, water-impervious coat. The color of the coat can be fawn, black and chocolate.
Of course, the Labrador Retriever is a companion dog. When buying such an animal, people first of all think about making a friend, often being guided by a choice of spiritual impulse, and do not pay attention to objective criteria. Nevertheless, we strongly recommend purchasing a puppy from professional breeders or in specialized nurseries, as otherwise you risk getting a dog with poor exterior and dubious health. It is better to take a future friend a little nurtured (older than 3 months) – so you get a vaccinated animal with a veterinary passport. When buying, you need to pay attention to activity, social adaptability, staging of limbs, cleanliness of the coat and the general hygiene of the animal.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
If we talk about the nature of the Labrador Retriever – this is a dog with a capital “C”. The character of such a dog combines all the most positive qualities ever praised by a person: reliability, loyalty, good nature, optimism, fearlessness, hard work, combined with high working capacity … Despite their impressive size, Labrador Retriever is not bad for apartment maintenance, excellent get along with children and are good-natured to strangers, are well trained and practically do not show aggression to other animals.
Labradors themselves spend a lot of time on personal hygiene and do not require much care. It is enough to comb out the hair regularly and bathe the dog with a special shampoo as needed. Daily physical activity – this is what representatives of this breed are vital. With these dogs it’s not enough just to walk on the lawn near the house, for the normal development of joints and muscles they need a real load!
Susceptibility to diseases
Of the predispositions to diseases, it is worth noting the pathology of the musculoskeletal system, such as: spondylosis, dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints, osteochondrosis. Retriever labradors often suffer from allergies, which can manifest as chronic dermatological problems and / or otitis media. It should be remembered that Labradors often suffer from overeating and have a risk of developing obesity.
A regular visit to a veterinarian will prevent the development of many diseases.
By the appearance and condition of the body of the Labrador Retriever, it can be determined that this breed belongs to large dogs of the borderline type of physique – athletic and massive, however, given the tendency of Labradors to gain excess weight, such dogs need balanced feeding that supports muscle mass. To ensure healthy skin and coat, rations for labrador retriever should be low allergenic, and to maintain healthy joints, contain a high level of protein. Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Robust food for puppies and adult dogs has all of the above qualities. These specially balanced diets will allow you to raise a healthy, strong dog and maintain its health for many years.
If your Labrador Retriever has a tendency to accumulate excess weight, then after examining the veterinarian he will need to choose food with a seriously reduced level of fat – such as Purina® PRO PLAN® ALL SIZES ADULT LIGHT / STERILISED with the OPTIWEIGHT® complex for those prone to excess weight and / or sterilized adult dogs of all breeds, which will help the pet not to gain excess weight and remain active and cheerful.