German Kurzhaar, or German Shorthair Pointing Dog, German Shorthaired Pointer – (derived from German Kurzhaar, literal translation – “short coat”), is a breed of hunting dogs bred in Germany. The ancestors of the modern Kurzhaar were used for hunting game (a variety of birds, rabbits and hares). The exact origin of the breed is unknown, according to the most common version, it is believed that the Kurzhaars descended from old German cops crossed with Spanish cops. The modern breed standard began to take shape in the second half of the 18th century. By the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, the breed characteristics were entered in the registers of England and Germany, then the kurtshaars became internationally widespread, becoming one of the most popular hunting breeds in the USA. In the territory of the Russian Federation, kurtshaaras have not been very popular for a long time, but recently there are more of these dogs.
The average duration of the dogs of the Kutzhar breed is 12-14 years.
The appearance of the kurtshaar reveals the hunting nature of the breed – it is a very slender, lean dog with proportionally long legs, well-muscled muscles, a tucked up stomach, and a straight back. An elongated skull, ears always hang down, jaws proportionally powerful.
Color: coffee, coffee-piebald, coffee with speckles, coffee with graying – plain or spotted.
The average length of the coat is 1.5–2 cm, the coat is thick, stiff and straight.
The weight of the Kurzhaar breed dogs is 25–32 kg in males and 22–27 kg in females. Height is high enough for weight, which is characteristic of other pointers; for males the norm is 62–66 cm, for females – 59–63 cm.
Purebred Kurzhaar puppies are best bought in trusted kennels. You should definitely look at the puppy in a familiar environment, ask the breeder about the puppy’s parents, and if possible immediately after purchase, inspect the puppy from your veterinarian.
If, to the question “how much does a puppy cost?”, The breeder, without hesitation, reduces the price or offers you to buy an animal without documents, refuse the purchase. Thus, you run the risk of acquiring a thoroughbred and sick pet.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
The character of the kurtshaar was determined by the long-term selection of this breed as a hunting dog.
German pointers are very mobile and sharp, and although they are generally quite friendly, they need compulsory exercises and activity. Kurzhaar is a great athlete. These dogs are happy to take part in a variety of active games, especially those related to copying the “hunt”, for example, the well-known “aport” team.
Kurtshaars are very attached to the owner and his family, they are moderately aggressive towards strangers, although here they increasingly depend on the upbringing of a particular dog. They react calmly to children. They will get along well with cats in case of co-breeding and appropriate training. Almost any bird and small animals (rabbits, guinea pigs, etc.) can be easily perceived as game with all the ensuing consequences, therefore it is better not to leave these animals alone with German cops.
Caring for a healthy Kurzhaar dog comes down to regular repetitions of walks (exercise), physical exercises, grooming – combing and infrequent washing, and clipping.
Ears require extra attention. They are recommended to be inspected and cleaned at least once a week, the external auditory canals are not recommended to be cleaned with sharp objects, even if they seem completely safe to you. It is better to wipe your ears with cotton swabs, often, but gently.
Feeding the kurtshaars is an important aspect; it is strictly forbidden to feed the dog “off the table”. You can either resort to the services of your veterinarian to make a diet of products purchased in the store (which is difficult and not always balanced in composition), or give preference to high-quality industrial feed. Remember that dogs with an athletic body type require a high-energy diet with a high content of high-quality protein. PRO PLAN® has an excellent solution – this is the Purina® PRO PLAN® Large Athletic feed line, developed in accordance with the metabolic characteristics of such dogs.
PREPAREDNESS FOR DISEASES
Kurzhaars, like any other dog, may have some diseases specific to the breed. For a kurtshaar, a danger may be: dysplasia of the hip joint; eye diseases such as retinal atrophy; Willebrandt’s Disease – A disease associated with a bleeding disorder.
It should be noted, however, that on the whole breed, diseases are not often recorded, and with proper maintenance and regular visits to your veterinarian, the Kurzhaar will delight you and your loved ones for many years to come.