Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
This breed was named after King Charles II (can also be transliterated as Charles II), who lived in the 17th century. He was not directly involved in dog breeding, but during his reign all the doors were open for small spaniels. Since then, the appearance of the cavalier king charles spaniels has changed many times, both in the direction of reducing the size and giving a more decorative external characteristics, and in the direction of resuming the appearance, reminiscent of hunting spaniels. The greatest contribution to the selection and the formation of the exterior, known to us today, was made by the American canine dog Roswell Eldridge and the dog breeder Alice Pitt. The International Cynological Association recognized King Charles Spaniels only in 1955.
SIZE, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small dog, 30–33 cm tall and 5–8 kg in weight, with a medium body and a straight back. The tail is also straight and forms one line with the back. The gentleman has a silky and long six. The head is flat and very expressive nose. Eyes wide apart are round, but not bulging. The standard allowed the following color options for cavaliers: blainheim (clear red-chestnut marks on a pearl-white surface), tricolor (black marks on a pearl-white surface), black and tan (black with reddish-brown marks) and ruby.
Puppies are best bought at the age of 2.5 months, referring to trusted breeders and nurseries. Then you will get a healthy, vaccinated baby with all the necessary documents. When buying, pay special attention to getting to know the pedigree and the puppy’s parents. So you can better imagine the exterior of your future friend. A healthy puppy is active, with a playful character and good appetite. He should have shiny eyes and clean ears.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Like all spaniels, king charles are funny and sociable dogs. Great companions. They are famous for their good attitude towards children. Other animals are positive, outgoing and friendly in contact with strangers. They are easy to train and obediently obey the owner.
Susceptibility to diseases
King Charles have pretty good health. Of the hereditary diseases that sometimes still occur, it is worth noting neurological: hydrocephalus and epilepsy, Chiari syndrome (compression of the brain tissue during growth). There are pathologies of the valvular apparatus of the heart, eye disease (inversion of the eyelid and cataract). Often they can suffer from allergies. Do not neglect preventive veterinary examinations from an early age. They will help prevent the development of many diseases.
The cavalier king charles spaniels practically do not require additional care. Long hair needs to be combed regularly – at least once a week. It is necessary to wash the gentlemen as the coat becomes dirty, but if possible not more often than once a month.
For owners, the long beautiful coat of their pets is an object of pride and admiration. Maintaining the coat of a decorative dog in perfect condition is not an easy task, the solution of which lies not only in caring for the animal, but also in proper feeding. The diet for the cavalier king charles spaniels should contain a high amount of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which help maintain healthy skin, coat and prevent excessive inflammatory reactions. This diet includes Purina® PRO PLAN® Small and Mini, which is an OPTIDERMA® complex. Daily use of one of these diets, correctly selected by your veterinarian, will favorably affect the condition of the skin and its derivatives, and will help in maintaining the health of teeth and digestive apparatus.
Remember, proper feeding combined with good grooming and good exercise is the easiest and most effective way to provide your pet with a beautiful exterior and good health!