Yorkshire terriers bred in England in the county of Yorkshire in the second half of the 19th century. The breed originates from coastal terriers (Waterside terriers), which were popular in Scotland in the 18th century. These dogs lived with peasants and were used to protect houses from rodents and as companions on river trips. At the beginning of 19
in. dogs came to England. A group of Scottish terriers, such as sky terriers, Clydesdale terriers, paisley terriers imported to England by Scottish workers, also participated in the breeding of the new breed.
Breeding Yorkshire terriers engaged workers weaving factories in England. To improve the quality of wool in breeding, Maltese bolonki were used. The first Yorkshire terriers weighed up to 7 kg, had long soft steel-colored wool with brown tan marks, an elongated body and relatively short paws. At the end of the 19th century, the breed was recognized in England, where the first club was created. The brightest Yorkshire Terrier at that time was Ben from Hudderfield.
The Yorkshire Terrier came to Russia in the early 70s. 20th century. This breed of dogs gained popularity in the 90s.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
Selection of Yorkshire terriers was aimed at reducing the size and appearance of the most miniature dogs. Currently, the weight of Yorkshire terriers should be no more than 3.1 kg (although individuals weighing 1.8 kg are found) and height at the withers of up to 20 cm.
These are compact proportional dogs of a dry constitution with a small head. The muzzle is sharp, short, developed forehead, small sharp erect ears. The chest can be barrel-shaped or narrow, the abdominal wall is pulled up. The body and tail are covered with long soft hair, which constantly grows, goes down to the floor and covers the legs. On the head, chest and legs, the coat is golden red. The undercoat is not developed.
Puppies are born black with tan from red hair and interspersed with sulfur. With age, the color of the dogs changes, becomes lighter and takes on a silver or golden hue.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Yorkshire terriers are usually calm and balanced dogs, but are ready for activity and walking. These are companion dogs. The breed is adapted to urban conditions, many dogs do not walk on the street at all. Due to the lack of socialization, some “yoriki” can be cowardly and timid. Rarely among Yorkshire terriers can be found biting dogs.
Yorkies do not require long walks and great physical exertion. In wet, cool weather, it is better to walk in overalls.
The long hair of Yorkshire terriers requires constant care. Frequent washing with shampoos and conditioners, drying, combing with a soft brush, regular cutting of long hair. In show dogs, long hair is wound on papillots, and on the head of a long hair a bundle is made – a top knot.
Dogs that do not participate in exhibitions are usually sheared, bangs are made on their heads, or they are left such a length of hair to make a ponytail.
Susceptibility to diseases
At a young age, Yorkshire terriers sometimes have no fontanel infection, persistent milk fangs, tracheal collapse, cryptorchidism, Pertess disease, kneecap dislocation. Puppies are predisposed to hypoglycemia.
With age, Yorkshire terriers sometimes develop chronic gastroenteritis, endocardiosis, gingivitis with the formation of tartar, inflammatory diseases of the skin and external auditory canal, chronic conjunctivitis, rhinitis. Therefore, it is important to show the dog to veterinarians in order to avoid possible pathologies.
Many diseases can be avoided with proper care of the Yorkshire Terrier and regular inspection of the animal by a veterinarian.
Feeding guidelines for Yorkshire Terriers are generally consistent with those for a group of dwarf and miniature dogs. A high energy density of the diet, dental care, high digestibility are required. Opinions about the need to feed such dogs as a human are wrong, on the contrary, feeding from the table is absolutely unacceptable! Treating dogs with chocolate and sweets can become especially dangerous and unacceptable.