Antique bull and terriers were bred in England from bulldogs and terriers. These powerful dogs participated in dogfights or bullying bulls. In 1835, this type of entertainment was banned by the government, and the demand for bull terriers declined. To save the breed, J. Hinks crossed the bull terrier with the Dalmatians and white English terriers and got more harmonious and lightweight, but powerful and hardy representatives of the breed, among which were individuals with a white color. Not having a white bull terrier at that time was considered a bad manners among students and teachers of the University of Oxford. At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed was registered in Britain. The first bull terriers in Russia were introduced in the 70s. 20th century. In the 90s. Bull terriers in Russia have become a popular breed, and often they are turned by negligent owners into a “cold weapon”.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
For ordinary bull terriers, the height at the withers is allowed from 53 to 56 cm. The weight of an adult dog is from 24 to 28 kg, possibly more, but the animal must have a powerful physique.
The growth of dwarf (miniature) bull terriers should not exceed 35.5 cm at the withers, and body weight – not more than 9 kg.
Bull terriers are sports dogs with a strong constitution. The body is elongated relative to the length of the limbs. The head is large, the muzzle is long and straight, the transition to the frontal part is not pronounced, sometimes the nose may have a hump. The ears are small, triangular, upright. Developed dentition. The coat is short, stiff, the hair is straight and snug. The undercoat is not developed. The most organic and original color of the bull terrier is white. Among the colored colors are acceptable: black and white, tiger-white, red-white.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Bull Terrier is an active and mobile dog, can withstand large physical exertion. It is characterized by independence and some independence. With proper upbringing, this is a balanced, obedient dog and a universal friend. The bull terrier is stubborn, persistent and always ready to fulfill the owner’s command. But improperly brought up individuals can be aggressive and socially dangerous. Therefore, the owner of the bull terrier should devote a lot of time to his education and training.
This breed is suitable for keeping in the apartment and in the house. Bull terriers require long walks, high physical and informational loads, you need to constantly deal with them and undergo OKD under the supervision of an experienced instructor. For walks in cool windy weather it is recommended to wear protective overalls.
Bullterrier wool does not require special care: wash with shampoo as it gets dirty and regularly comb out with a soft brush or glove.
Bull terriers are in good health. Among congenital diseases, they are quite rare, but still occur: hereditary deafness, congenital heart defects, disc spondylitis, kneecap dislocation, pylorospasm, congenital nephropathy, tracheal collapse.
Common acquired diseases in bull terriers are dermatitis of various etiologies, injuries of the musculoskeletal system, bite wounds, chronic heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and oncological diseases. However, it should be remembered that representatives of the breed are not sick more often than other dogs.
For balanced feeding of a bull terrier puppy, it is better to use complete diets, for example, dry Complete feed for puppies of medium breeds Purina® PRO PLAN® Medium Puppy with OPTISTART® complex.
It is recommended that adult bull terriers with moderate loads be fed diets with a sufficient amount of protein, in this case Purina® PRO PLAN® Medium Adult full-dry dry food for adult medium-sized dogs with the OPTIBALANCE® complex is suitable. If your bull terrier (weighing more than 10 kg) has high physical exertion, then for feeding it is recommended complete dry feed Purina® PRO PLAN® ALL SIZES ADULT PERFORMANCE with OPTIPOWER® complex for active and working adult dogs of all breeds.
Dwarf bull terriers should be fed with full feed for small and dwarf breeds. Recommendations for choosing the diet according to the needs of the dog are the same as for larger brothers, but within the Purina® PRO PLAN® Small & Mini line.