The breed “boxer” appeared in Germany in the middle of the XIX century. Details of its origin are not fully known. The main ancestor of these dogs is considered to be the lost ancient hunting breed Bullenbeiser. Bullenbeysers differed in strong physique and powerful wide jaw. As a result of breeding work with the participation of mastiffs, bulldogs, and mainly bullenbeysers, in 1850 a new breed of “boxer” was first introduced in Munich. Her calling card has become a balanced character, combining friendliness, the absence of unmotivated aggression and excellent handling.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
To date, there are three main types of boxers: German, American and tiger. One way or another, each of them fits the general description of the breed: a square body with pronounced dry muscles and highly developed breasts, a lean stomach, a short muzzle with an upturned nose (brachycephalic type of skull), a wide and strong neck. The height at the withers of an adult male reaches 30 cm, bitches – up to 27 cm. The weight of dogs reaches 30 kg.
The German boxer is considered the most classic representative of the breed. It has a red color with white marks located on the chest and paws, and a black mask. Among the Germans, and albinos – completely white animals. Such representatives of the breed are quite highly regarded among amateurs, but are not included in the world standard.
Tiger type dogs have numerous dark stripes against the background of the main color. The presence of a black mask, as in the previous version, is mandatory. White markings are also allowed. In recent years, this color has become increasingly popular among dog breeders.
The American type differs from the German one in a more elegant physique and a smaller head. It is believed that this line was formed from puppies brought by American soldiers from Germany after World War II. In fact, the differences between the German and American types are not so great and are visible only to experts.
Each of the above types of boxers has its own zest. Regardless of your choice, remember that puppies should be bought exclusively from trusted breeders. Turning to professionals, you always have the opportunity to evaluate the pedigree of the puppy and the exterior of his parents.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
Boxers are the owners of a strong balanced psyche and complaisant character. With proper training they demonstrate excellent service and security qualities. Hunting habits in everyday life are almost not felt. They are often bred as companion dogs. Childishly mischievous and immediate, they will easily fit into any family, saturating your life with new bright colors. Boxers get along well with children and are loyal to their masters. Their easy cockiness in relation to other animals is easily leveled by a good upbringing in puppyhood.
These dogs do not require special care. Short hair, which, by the way, sheds very little, is enough to comb out once a week. Teeth need to be cleaned 2-3 times a week with a special toothpaste, and you should also remember about treats for dogs that support oral hygiene. It is important to note that boxers do not tolerate severe temperature changes and therefore it is not recommended to keep them in the aviary. In winter it is necessary to walk dogs in overalls, and in summer to avoid overheating in the open sun.
Susceptibility to diseases
It is worth noting that the selection of boxers determines most of the health problems of this breed. Life expectancy usually does not exceed 10 years. Of the genetic predispositions to diseases, it is worth noting the pathology of the heart, joints, as well as deafness. Quite often among the representatives of this breed you can find allergic people.
Boxers are not picky about food. It is better to choose hypoallergenic feeds of the premium segment. Purina® Pro Plan® Large Athletic diets with the OptiDerma® complex, which does not contain wheat gluten, should be preferred. It is important to ensure that the dog does not overeat. Excessive feeding can lead to obesity of the animal and aggravate hereditary pathologies.
A dog needs love, care and attention. From the moment you meet the puppy, show that he is now a member of your family. Proper nutrition, combined with regular care and adequate exercise (at least 2 hours a day) will help prevent the development of hereditary pathologies, improve the quality and life expectancy of your pet.