According to another breed name – “Old English Shepherd”, – the homeland of the Bobtail is Great Britain. However, according to some claims, the ancestors of the bobtail – Italian cattle dogs, could be brought to the island by the ancient Romans. It is possible that the bobtail came from the cross of other dogs of English origin (bullet, briar), as well as South Russian shepherds.
The history of the breed dates back several centuries: on their canvases, English painters of the 18th century often depicted bobtail. In England, this breed was considered a shepherd, so the tail of the Bobtail was stopped: the tax for the shepherd’s dog was determined by the length of its tail.
The first bobtail club and breed standards appeared in England at the end of the 19th century. Bobtails came to Russia in the 1970s, where they acquired their fans. The main domestic Bobtail nurseries are located in the Moscow region.
Bobtails live an average of 10 to 12 years.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
The height of the dogs of this breed at the withers usually does not exceed 61 cm, and the bitches – 56 cm. The weight of an adult bobtail is from 25 to 45 kg.
Bobtail is a strong, proportionate dog with a shortened body. Due to its long hair, it seems massive and inactive, but this is not so: the bobtail has a fairly dry constitution and is able to actively move.
Bobtail has a large head, a wide, powerful skull and a developed forehead. The muzzle of these dogs is square, the nose is black, the eyes are small, blue coloring of the iris is allowed. The ears are small, hanging. Bobtails have a long neck with well-developed muscles and a scruff. They have a wide, fairly deep and rounded chest. The back of dogs of this breed is strong and straight, the croup is wide. A distinctive feature of the bobtail is its high back: the height of the animal at the withers is slightly less than in the lower back and croup. Another bobtail property is a tail shortened from birth. And although it may be long with some representatives, it is currently not being stopped. The limbs of the bobtail are long, strong, with a wide bone.
Coat developed. The coat is thick, long, lush, the hair is wavy, stiff, on the hind limbs – longer. The undercoat is developed.
Acceptable colors: gray, blue, bluish-marble, gray-haired, with white marks, black and white with gray. In this case, the head, neck, forelimbs should be white, and the trunk and hind limbs are painted in a different acceptable color.
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
The Bobtail character is balanced and calm, they are reasonable and independent. However, some representatives of this breed are quite wayward and may be wary of strangers. A distinctive feature of these dogs is a loud, sonorous barking. Bobtail instincts of guard and protection are clearly expressed, therefore they are often kept as guard dogs or “nanny” dogs. Bobtails are very good at training, however, it is recommended to start it as early as possible: adult dogs may show some stubbornness.
If you decide to buy a Bobtail, we recommend that you contact a qualified breeder in your city. He will advise you, tell you about the features of this breed, and also tell you how much the puppy costs: its price may vary depending on the pedigree of the animal.
Due to its calm temperament, bobtail can live in an apartment and in a private house, but they need long walks with moderate physical exertion. Avoid overheating of the animal in the summer.
Long bobtail wool requires constant care: daily combing with a stiff brush or comb, regular washing with shampoo, use of lotions to prevent tangling, and cleansing with dry shampoo. During walks on dogs of this breed you can wear overalls. It is also recommended to cut off excess hair from the bobtail ears and wipe the ears with a damp cotton pad. The eyes of the animal must be cleaned daily of accumulated secretions using veterinary lotions.
PREPAREDNESS FOR DISEASES
Bobtail predisposed to diseases of the musculoskeletal system: dysplasia of the elbow, hip joints, anterior cruciate ligament disease, age-related arthritis and arthrosis, trauma. Sometimes congenital hemolytic anemia, hypothyroidism, cerebellar lesions are found. Adult dogs are prone to stomach upset, cardiomyopathy.
Ophthalmic diseases in bobtail are inversion or inversion of the eyelids, cataracts, retinal atrophy, chronic keratoconjunctivitis.
Bobtail often has skin problems of an inflammatory and allergic nature (dermatitis, seasonal eczema, otitis media) and parasitic (juvenile demodicosis).
To reduce the risk of all these unpleasant diseases, you need to choose a Bobtail puppy from trusted breeders, and also regularly, at least once a year, visit your veterinarian to examine and monitor the animal’s health.