“Bichon Frize” is an unusual name for the Russian ear, however, this is the correct name for this breed of dog from the Bichon group. The name “French lap-dog” is also common in Russia, however, it is precisely “Bichon Frize” that is correct. According to one of the most common theories, the ancestors of the Bichon Frize were ship dogs, which sailors took with them to the deck to fight rodents. Their small size and dense white coat had a purely utilitarian purpose, adapting the dogs to the conditions of southern navigation. However, obeying the vagaries of fashion for small dogs, Bichons became a kind of fashion accessory among the nobility at court. At that time, of course, one did not have to talk about purebred Bichon Frieze; rather, it was the ancestors of all the lapdogs in general. After a long time, already in the 30s of the 20th century, the breed was officially registered, initially in France, and then it spread throughout the world.
In Russia, Bichons are often confused with other lapdogs, but if you understand it well, their appearance varies quite seriously.
SIZE AND WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
The size of the dog is small: height 23-30 cm, weight 3-6 kg. Size depends on gender – males are slightly larger, although this is not as pronounced as that of many other dog breeds, and the weight of the largest Bichon Frize with a healthy constitution should not exceed 6 kg.
Bichon Frize is a harmoniously developed breed with strong paws and a tight physique, the head is proportional to the body, ears are muzzle hanging on the sides, eyes are strictly round, set close. One of the most characteristic pedigree features of the Bichon Frize is its coat – it has a very dense undercoat that protects dogs from temperature extremes. The remaining coat is long, but not more than 10 cm. In a healthy dog, the coat looks very dense and at the same time soft. The color of purebred animals is exclusively white, any spots or blotches are unacceptable.
It is better to choose a Bichon Frize puppy in a trusted nursery, where you will get a baby with documents and a good pedigree. For a rough idea of how your dog will look, it is worth taking a closer look at its parents.
Care for the Bichon Frize, in addition to the usual vaccination and deworming procedures for all dogs, comes down to caring for your teeth, animal hair and, of course, proper feeding.
Hair care. Now it is customary to cut Bichon – most often it is done by a professional groomer, but the owner has to keep the coat clean and comb it regularly (several times a week). An important point is swimming. Frequent washing of the hair can lead to a violation of the natural lipid balance of the skin. Be sure to buy dog clothes that protect the coat from contamination.
Dental care comes down to regular (2-3 times a week) brushing with a special toothpaste for dogs. When performing cleansing, pay attention to the condition of the oral cavity and, if redness of the gums and / or tartar is detected, consult a veterinarian.
As for other small and dwarf dog breeds, proper feeding should meet the following characteristics: coincide with the natural nutritional needs of pets, have high energy value, digest well, without overloading the dog’s gastrointestinal tract, and taste good for the dog. We recommend feeding Bichon Frize from two months of age with ready-made super premium class diets. An excellent example of such feeds is the Purina® PRO PLAN® Dog Small & Mini rations for small and dwarf dogs. Inside this line there are diets for small dogs with sensitive digestion (with the OPTIDIGEST® complex), and with a special need for skin and coat care (with the OPTIDERMA® complex).
PREPAREDNESS FOR DISEASES
Like many other breeds with long genetic selection, Bichon Frize, unfortunately, has some predisposition to disease.
• on the part of the visual system: impaired eyelash growth, cataracts, deformed lacrimal ducts (complete absence of tears or, conversely, increased lacrimation);
• from the musculoskeletal system – atlantoaxial instability, dislocation of the patella;
• on the part of the skin and coat – allergic and other dermatitis.
It is important to remember that even a perfectly healthy dog should be regularly shown to your veterinarian – timely detection and prevention of diseases will help keep your Bichon Frize in excellent health and mood.