Corgis are classified as medium-sized dogs and are of two types: the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Welsh Corgi Cardigan, named after their place of origin – Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire in Wales.
The ancestors of the modern Welsh Corgi cardigan came to the British Isles when the Celts developed this territory. The first description of Corgi dogs is indicated in literature dating back to the 10th century.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi were imported from Flanders in about 11–13 centuries. Continue reading
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, also popularly known as the “Caucasian Wolfhound”, refers to large dogs whose homeland is the Caucasus. The age of the breed is about 2–2.5 thousand years. Already from the name of the breed it is clear that these dogs were used to protect flocks of sheep from wolves and other predators. The formation of the breed took place under the influence of the shepherd traditions of mountain peoples, on the basis of selection for breeding of the largest, strongest animals with a good instinct, but at the same time trained and obedient to humans. According to popular theory, the ancestor of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is the Tibetan Great Dane. According to another version, these wolfhounds were actively bred in the ancient state of Urartu (according to other sources – Assyria), where they were used as guard and fighting dogs. Be that as it may, it is known for certain that the shepherd dogs perfectly protected the fortress from enemies, and the sheep from the wolves and were even taken by special order to serve in the army of the Russian Empire. Continue reading
This breed was named after King Charles II (can also be transliterated as Charles II), who lived in the 17th century. He was not directly involved in dog breeding, but during his reign all the doors were open for small spaniels. Since then, the appearance of the cavalier king charles spaniels has changed many times, both in the direction of reducing the size and giving a more decorative external characteristics, and in the direction of resuming the appearance, reminiscent of hunting spaniels. The greatest contribution to the selection and the formation of the exterior, known to us today, was made by the American canine dog Roswell Eldridge and the dog breeder Alice Pitt. The International Cynological Association recognized King Charles Spaniels only in 1955. Continue reading
Yorkshire terriers bred in England in the county of Yorkshire in the second half of the 19th century. The breed originates from coastal terriers (Waterside terriers), which were popular in Scotland in the 18th century. These dogs lived with peasants and were used to protect houses from rodents and as companions on river trips. At the beginning of 19
in. dogs came to England. A group of Scottish terriers, such as sky terriers, Clydesdale terriers, paisley terriers imported to England by Scottish workers, also participated in the breeding of the new breed. Continue reading
Jack Russell Terrier bred in the UK. Mr. Jack Russell lived in Devonshire in England, who was fond of hunting with hounds and burrows of dogs. Having become a professional in this field, Mr. Russell participated in exhibitions as an expert on terriers and was one of the first founders of the famous English Club of Dog Breeding. In the second half of the 19th century, due to the development of pastoralism, traditional horse hunting for deer and roe deer became less common in England; burrowing of foxes, hunting of wild boars and rabbits became more popular. For this, dogs of short stature and short hair were needed, which could run no worse than hounds – quickly and for a long time. Continue reading