The birthplace of the St. Bernards is the Swiss Alps. Their rare are Asian mastiffs and Molossian dogs of the ancient Romans, who fell into the mountains during conquests.
In the 11th century, the dogs that lived at the monastery of St. Bernard in the Swiss Alps received the same name. From the 17th century the monks living here began to use dogs to search and rescue travelers in the mountains.
In the Middle Ages, St. Bernards were smaller and more mobile, had a special scent that made it possible to find people who fell under an avalanche. They had the ability to feel the approach of avalanches, than repeatedly saved the life of the inhabitants of the monastery. One of the most famous Saint Bernards was called Barry. Over 10 years of his life, he found and pulled out from under the avalanches of about 40 people. Continue reading
Malamute, or Alaskan Malamute – a breed of dogs, originally related to working dogs. The homeland of the breed is the extreme north, and more specifically – the coast of Alaska. According to one of the common versions, the ancestors of modern Malamutes were sled dogs of the Eskimo tribe of Malemites, who inhabited the shores of Alaska. Along with huskies, Malamutes were actively used for the development of Alaska (including during the Gold Rush) as sledding and working dogs. During the Second World War, the Malamutes were drafted into the army, resulting in their almost complete extermination. By the titanic efforts of the breeders and by crossing the three remaining lines of these dogs between themselves, the number of malamutes was restored and significantly increased in the second half of the last century. At the moment, it is a very popular breed, a symbol of the State of Alaska. Continue reading
This breed was named after King Charles II (can also be transliterated as Charles II), who lived in the 17th century. He was not directly involved in dog breeding, but during his reign all the doors were open for small spaniels. Since then, the appearance of the cavalier king charles spaniels has changed many times, both in the direction of reducing the size and giving a more decorative external characteristics, and in the direction of resuming the appearance, reminiscent of hunting spaniels. The greatest contribution to the selection and the formation of the exterior, known to us today, was made by the American canine dog Roswell Eldridge and the dog breeder Alice Pitt. The International Cynological Association recognized King Charles Spaniels only in 1955. Continue reading